I would like to thank The Humberside Probation Service for
their co-operation in producing this report. Also Gwen Williams from the
Humberside Community Punishment Unit who has assisted greatly in the collation
of evidence. Also all the people who took part in interviews both offenders
and those that work within the criminal justice system.
1. INTRODUCTION-ANALYSIS OF THE PROBATION SERVICE
Historically Restorative Justice has not been a popular concept in England,
even though its' transformational power for the victim has been well documented
by psychologists. It works because the victim can collaborate in dealing
with the offender. Meeting the offender can also help the victim develop
an understanding of what has happened to them. The Humberside Probation
Service have undertaken good development work with victims in the service.
A communication strategy is being developed to promote work with victims
and develop partnerships with other organisations operating within the
criminal justice system. They also have recommendations from government
on how to improve social inclusion this includes such initiatives as What
Works - which is an implementation of accredited programmes that offenders
undertake whilst serving their sentence, both custodial and non- custodial.
These are in line with the National Standards and Victims Charter. The
Association of Chief of Probation (ACOP) and her Majesty's Inspectorate
of Probation (HMIP) have agreed that 'probation services should aim to
ensure that every offender is supervised in accordance with those principles
which have been shown to reduce expected rates of re-offending' and these
bodies state they expect to have made substantial progress by the end
of 2001. The Home Secretary's "priorities and Action Plans"
for the service for 2000/01 states the probation service should:
"Participate in the Welfare to Work programmes and review
and enhance strategies for generating employment training and education
opportunities for offenders, with particular emphasis on literacy and
basic skills provision"
Home Office Probation Circular 25/5/2000 32/200
This is in order to fit with the governments' wider policies on social
inclusion. There are also new policies on protecting the public and according
to the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act to commence on April 1st
2001 there should be much more partnership working in the criminal justice
and social services departments "to make joint arrangements for the
assessment and management of the risks posed by sexual, violent and other
offenders who may course serious harm to the public" see. Appendix
2. POSITION OF THE AGENCY IN THE